Content of this article:
Japan: the beginning began
Plunging into the basics of Japanese design, we discover the philosophy of the East, the perception of the world by people living so far from us, their traditions and mentality. For an Eastern person, thoughts and actions are important, but not petty vanity. All these requirements are transferred to housing, decorated in Japanese style.
Apartment in Japanese minimalismHarmony does not need an abundance of furniture and accessories, bright decor and pretentious loudly-expensive things. Japanese interior is a simple beauty of ordinary things, order and accuracy in the arrangement of objects.
Who would like and suit this style? Thoughtful calm people who appreciate the order in the house and the aesthetics of the surrounding interior.return to menu ↑
Becoming a style
As such, the Japanese style of home decoration dates back to the distant XVI-XVII centuries. After several centuries, it is still in demand and popular.
Items and accessories you can choose a lot
The following factors influenced its formation:
- frequent earthquakes;
- traditions of the people;
- small amount of minerals;
- densely populated Japan;
Since the 16th century in Japan, there has been a trend towards home improvement with taste and in the spirit of tradition. Luxury gave way to higher values. The western approach to the design of apartments and their design in the land of the rising sun has not taken root.
It is important to fully maintain style.
The peculiarity of the territorial location of the country, frequent earthquakes and climate left their mark. In an area with an unstable seismic situation, quite often people had to rebuild houses after destruction. Easily assembled exterior wall structures and the lack of interior made it possible to simply restore the building.return to menu ↑
The spaciousness should be felt even in a small dwelling. Economical use of free space requires a small amount of furniture, and especially accessories. According to the ancient Japanese traditions of interior walls and doors of the usual form in the house there.
A bit of Japan for the bedroom
This preserves the allocation of zones using various techniques:
- screens and other partitions;
- level floors, etc.
Interior today: are there any differences?
After several centuries, the style of the houses of the country of the rising sun has undergone some changes.
This style has a free layout.
It reflected the events taking place in the world:
- technical progress;
- wars, including World War II;
- scientific achievements.
All this has led to new opportunities for the design and construction of housing. Concrete, materials imitating wild stone, wood, etc. have become widely used in construction.But even the development of science and technology could not change the foundations of style and the desire for communion with nature.
Stylish design for the apartmentreturn to menu ↑ return to menu ↑
Japanese style basics
Today ethnics is very popular, and the East - all the more. Deciding to arrange your apartment in the Japanese style, it is desirable to be guided by basic principles.return to menu ↑
The proximity of nature, respect for her and understanding form the basis of the creation of a Japanese home. Large windows and doorways should ideally offer views of the picturesque garden, fountains and lawns.
In the interior of a city apartment, the principles of unity with nature take the following form:
- aquarium with fish;
- bamboo in flower pots;
- pictures with views of nature.
Bamboo is often used.For a suburban stylish house, you can not be limited to arranging only the house, but to design the backyard area in the same Japanese style. Return to the menu
Separation between the rooms, the separation of personal space in the common room and the allocation of zones is carried out using partitions. To do this, use wood, rice paper, bamboo.BoardThe more free space the better.
Japanese-style partitionreturn to menu ↑
The main trends in choosing furniture
Japanese-style furniture should be low. Wooden surfaces are smooth and concise. This applies to furniture legs, armrests, headboards, hinged shelves, etc.
Wooden furniture in the kitchenreturn to menu ↑
Warm paints and monochrome surfaces in bright colors are what the Japanese have preferred since former times.
The most popular and actively used shades of the Japanese interior include the following:
- cream tones;
- sand, etc.
What about black and red? These colors are never introduced into the interior as primary. They are needed for emphasis and selection.
Mainly used light shadesreturn to menu ↑
Color setting the interior
Characteristic of Japanese traditions, the characteristic style is emphasized in three primary colors:
There can not be expressionless shades and vague combinations that "wreak havoc." Harmonious Japanese interior is clarity and order. And yet - it is a combination of bright clear color with surfaces from natural materials and natural tones.
Each color works for the overall atmosphere.Red in the Japanese interior personifies masculinity and strength, white highlights naturalness and naturalness. Dark deep colors are less common in interior design.
The basis of the Japanese interior design is always made up of bright soft shades of a beige-milky range. Less commonly can be used:
- bluish gray tones;
- shades of cherry blossoms;
All in tune, all in the same colorAll shades used should be in natural colors, drawn from nature itself. Without using unnatural and acidic flowers. Return to menu ↑ Return to menu ↑
Japanese style: environmental friendliness comes first
Conciseness and minimalism, which is peculiar to the Japanese style, is based on the use of natural materials. In previous centuries, only readily available material was used to decorate their homes.
- tile made of stone;
- rice paper;
- natural silk.
Beautiful combination of materials
At present, the arrangement rules are not so strict. But the use of synthetic materials is also limited. We are talking about linoleum, plastic and similar things.
But the artificial materials are completely prohibited under the design of the Japanese interior..BoardIf it is not possible to use, for example, natural wood, it can be replaced with high-quality laminate. A similar approach is needed when replacing natural stone with imitation, natural silk with a fabric that looks very similar to it.
Natural wood designreturn to menu ↑
Partitions between rooms, made in the Japanese style, give the apartment originality and emphasize the focus of design. They are mobile and light, as they are made from rice paper or bamboo.
Such a seemingly strange and impractical approach actually has a historical practical rationale. Frequent earthquakes in the land of the rising sun taught the Japanese to build houses that easily survive difficult circumstances. And if necessary, they can even be easily replaced.Currently, blindly following these traditions is not necessary. Manufacturers offer more practical models: compartment doors with Japanese patterns, matching print on panels, etc.
Sliding wardrobe with sakura pattern
Screens - an optional, but very stylish element of modern Japanese design. If you need to fence off any zone of the room, then they will not find a better replacement.return to menu ↑
Furniture for contemplating the inner world
Do you want to relax and rest at home, enjoy calm and rejuvenate? Japanese design contributes to the rest of the city bustle, noise and clarify the relationship.
The proximity to nature and land in the interpretation of the eastern design involves the use of solid furniture made from natural materials. Squat objects should have stable, short, strong legs and a simple form.High cabinets in the interior can not be. Yes, and the furniture itself should not be too much.
A lot of furniture should not be here
Wood is a typical material for manufacturing. Valuable breeds can be replaced with needles. Even if all the furniture is very expensive, it should not “shout” about it. A connoisseur of quality things will always be able to understand that a thing is not simple. Another characteristic feature is the absence of wood carving and plastic inserts.
Acquisition of furnishings for the design of an apartment in the Japanese style can be done in two ways:
- Genuine Japanese stuff with a story.
- Collections currently on the market.
Furniture fittings should not be catchy either.. Forged items, made very carefully, are permissible as a means of underlining the texture of the base material.Antique things can become a highlight of an interior in the Japanese style.
What interior can we not do without in strict Japanese design?
Without a bed on low legs can not do
Among them should be:
- beds with low legs (they can be replaced with mattresses);
- squat tables for traditional tea parties;
- special mats or pillows near the table;
- wardrobes with sliding doors, etc.
Engawa or traditional window?
Initially, Japanese homes were equipped with special sheds, which are called "Engawa". Such structures protected from rain flows and shaded from too bright sunlight.
There should be a lot of windowsAccording to the tradition of the East, there should be many windows. As curtains in homes with Japanese-style interiors, rectangular cloths are now being used, which are moved apart. Maybe they equip them with an electric drive for control.
Prints on the curtain canvases should strictly follow the canons of the Japanese style:
- sakura branches;
- bamboo shoots;
- bright birds;
- Japanese landscapes;
- Geisha in traditional attire.
For shading practiced roll and roman blinds. The more even and laconic curtains, the more accurate the style.
Curtains for shadingCurtains with ruffles, draperies, intricate accessories are not used in Japanese style. Return to menu
In the design of the walls in the Japanese interior, as well as other surfaces, it is important to follow the rule of using natural materials. The combination of several materials looks impressive. What to choose?
Such materials are suitable:
- a rock;
- paper wallpaper;
Stone for wall decoration
The furniture in the Japanese design of the home is very small and it is low. Its number and location should be considered when selecting materials for walls.BoardPictures on the walls should not be much. Return to the menu ↑
Oriental motifs on the wallpaper in the interior of the apartments affect the perception of the entire room. They are the backdrop for furniture, create the necessary accents and emphasize authenticity.Most often wallpaper (and wallpapers) are used in the design of the bedroom. It is advisable to choose a light and fairly neutral background in pastel colors. Companions are added to emphasize the originality of the design.
Wall murals with wall mural
Wallpapers can be combined with other natural materials:
- a tree;
- bamboo and so on
If plain wallpaper is preferable, then one of their walls can be decorated with photo wallpapers with a picture, for example, of a cherry tree branch. Such wallpapers can create the effect of a photograph, a view of Mount Fuji or other typical Japanese landscapes.
Typical Japanese landscape
National motifs on the walls emphasize the style of the interior, making notes of unusual and unique. This allows you to create an interior that is not like the others.
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Wallpapers produced in Japan
Separately, mention should be made of wallpaper produced in Japan. Created on the basis of natural materials, they do not pose a threat to health. Raw materials for them are: bamboo, jute, etc.Created in industries with strict quality control, these wallpapers have high strength, good elasticity and long service life.
Japanese exotic with bamboo
In addition to aesthetics, these wallpapers have other useful properties:
- blocking possible evaporation of formaldehyde from the walls;
- eliminate the spread of cigarette odors;
- universal in design;
- give good sound insulation;
- allow you to hide the flaws of the walls;
- environmentally friendly;
- possess antifungal properties.
Bamboo is durable and antifungalreturn to menu ↑
Gender: which coating is better?
In the old days such materials were used for flooring:
- stone tile;
The comfort and convenience is created by the rugs made of threads, a rod or other natural material.
Wood is often used for the floor
At the moment, the choice of materials is wider:
- ceramic tiles;
- natural wood;
- bulk floor.
You can often find imitation of this tree
Zoning can be performed using a coating. Also for these purposes multilevel constructions are used.return to menu ↑
Ceiling: form and content
The ceiling in the Japanese style in its shape should correspond to the general direction. The clear shape (triangle, rectangle) is emphasized by color, material and design.
Finishing in this case plays an important role. Wooden beams, painting, panels can be actively used.
Important role in the design of the ceilingBoardWith the help of the ceiling design, it turns out to organically distinguish certain zones. For this, it is possible to apply a multi-level organization or design with a different color. Return to the menu ↑
Fabric, creating comfort
Textiles in the design should follow the same basic rule: naturalness and simplicity. In the Japanese interior, it is needed on the windows, in places for sitting near the table, for resting areas, in the bedroom, for screens.
Of the materials most preferred:
- mixed fabric.
Japanese textiles are very rich and beautiful.
Prints can depict:
- blossoming cherry tree branch;
- Mount Fuji, etc.
Accessories: we place accents
The Japanese interior is a harmoniously organized space. Room design should be balanced and adjusted. All decorative elements should be contrasted in relation to the main background, but carefully thought out.
We carefully think over all the accessories.
Japanese-style accents can be created using these elements:
- blooming orchids;
- Japanese lanterns;
- national fans;
- stylish screens;
- decorative pillows;
- Buddha statues.
Bonsai is a popular design element.return to menu ↑
Lighting emphasizing oriental flavor
Lighting in Japanese homes is given special attention. Light must be diffused, emanating from several sources in each room. Lamps can be picked up lamps made of bamboo or rice paper.By planning the location of the light sources, you can change the impression of the room, highlighting the necessary zones. Especially important are light accents in studio apartments without walls.
Luxury living room lampsHeavy ceiling chandeliers do not apply. This is due to the traditions and hazards of earthquakes in a seismically unstable region. Return to menu ↑ return to menu
Interiors of rooms
Let us consider in more detail the interior in each room. What and how best to use, and what is really not necessary.return to menu ↑
Japanese style lounge is an organic and original solution. The selection of materials and furniture begins with determining the dominant color. In addition to it, it will be possible to choose several harmoniously combined shades.BoardIf the bedroom is a very small area, then the floor is best made white (for example, from bleached wood). This technique will visually expand the space.
Bedroom - harmoniously combining elements
For the bedroom are suitable colors:
- black - less.
Soft diffused light is created using lampshades made from paper, frosted glass, cloth.
Light colors for the bedroom
The design of the bedroom can be guided by the following recommendations:
- Use wallpaper (including bamboo) and photo wallpaper with ethnic prints.
- Wooden panels.
- Plain fabrics on the walls.
- Minimalistic bedside tables.
- Placement only necessary furniture. Nothing extra.
- Built-in wardrobe with sliding doors.
- Screen curtains, the shape of which is emphasized by weighting in the lower and upper parts.
- Suspended ceiling, frosted glass inserts are possible, creating a beautiful "moon sky" effect.
- Built-in lights.
Minimal bedside tables
Expressiveness and conciseness attached to the room accessories. They should not be much. These can be paintings, fans on the walls, bonsai in pots, dolls in national costumes, etc. Bright emphasis can be placed on the design of the bed, if you use a bedspread with hieroglyphs or red pillows.BoardIf the bedroom is not a separate room, then its selection can be made by using a screen. Return to the menu
Japanese style prefers light colors, which is a plus when making a child’s room. Natural shades and natural materials allow not only to emphasize the style, but also to create an eco-friendly healthy interior.
Add light shadesMonochromatic walls in calm colors can be complemented by photo wallpapers with the image of characters from Japanese fairy tales or views of the nature of the East. For girls, you can pick up prints with blooming sakura, whipping roses, delicate flowers.
Selection of furniture is desirable to implement, adhering to such principles:
- comfortable comfortable bed, which is desirable to arrange in the central part of the room;
- the workplace must be functional and well lit;
- screen - to separate the recreation area from the game;
- wardrobe with compartment doors, which can be arranged as built-in;
- the shelves are wooden, but light enough.
Choosing furniture, we adhere to the basic principles
Accessories depend on the gender and age of the child. Preference should be given to those that are made of natural materials and emphasize the style: national dolls, figurines, etc.return to menu ↑
This room is central in the house, designed not only to relax and socialize family members, but also to meet with friends and business partners. Therefore, the design should be taken into account all the specifics. A neat, bright room with a minimum set of objects and unusual styling will not leave guests indifferent.In the living room there may be a greater presence of black color than in other rooms. Saturated dark color looks solid, adds value. But even in the living room of a dark color should not be too much.
We emphasize the importance of style with every detail.
Natural light shades still prevail:
- beige tones;
- natural shades of wood;
It is better to choose natural materials for finishing
For a studio apartment, the living room area can be arranged on